Meanwhile, the world’s response to large-scale movements remains inadequate and underfunded leaving refugees with an uncertain future. The Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework is part of the Global Compact on Refugees, an agreement for shared responsibility between UNHCR, governments and other organizations. These individuals were mainly from countries in northern Central America, deported from or in transit to the United States of America or Mexico. Actual. This is a significant reduction compared with 2017 (8.5 million) but is similar to 2016 (4.9 million). The vast majority of newly displaced people remained close to home. A father carries his young daughter through treacherous, muddy scrublands by the banks of the Tachira River, which forms the border between Venezuela and Colombia. Results. UNHCR’s Executive Committee (102 Member States as of October 2018) and the UN General Assembly have authorized involvement with other groups. These include former refugees who have returned to their homeland, internally displaced people, and persons who are stateless or whose nationality is disputed. At the end of 2018, Pakistan hosted the second largest refugee population with 1.4 million refugees, almost exclusively from Afghanistan. • Enhanced results framework to monitor the RRP performance; • Sector needs analysis based on the 2018 joint inter-agency Multi-Sector Needs Assessment. BRAZIL. During 2018, the number of refugees who returned to their countries of origin stood at 593,800, a decline from 2017. In 2018, the Expert Group on Refugee and IDP Statistics (EGRIS) presented the results of its work at the 49th session of the UN Statistical Commission. MENA Protection … In 2018, UNHCR submitted 81,300 refugees to States for resettlement. This means that on every day of 2018, an average of 37,000 people were newly displaced. Other countries of origin of new refugees included CAR (53,100, mainly to Chad and Cameroon), Nigeria (41,000, mainly to Cameroon) and Cameroon (32,600, all to Nigeria). Nevertheless, improved security across some territories in Tanganyika facilitated some spontaneous returns. He lives with his wife, their three-year-old daughter, and a 12-year-old boy who joined them during their flight. The definition has limitations, because the refugee situation is constantly changing in each situation with new arrivals and returns. SUDAN. Outside the region, countries with large Syrian refugee populations included Germany (532,100), Sweden (109,300) and Sudan (93,500). Most of these claims were from children aged 15 to 17 (18,500) but a substantial minority were from younger children (6,000). In all of its activities, it pays particular attention to the needs of children and seeks to promote the equal rights of women and girls. International refugee law provides an essential framework of principles for UNHCR… Some 2.1 million individual applications for asylum or refugee status were submitted to States or UNHCR in 158 countries or territories. Canada was the ninth largest recipient of new asylum claims with 55,400 registered in 2018, a small increase on the claims registered in 2017 (47,000), the largest number coming from Nigerian nationals (9,600). Naturalization – the legal act or process by which a non-citizen in a country may acquire citizenship or nationality of that country – is used as a measure of local integration. The global population of forcibly displaced people grew substantially from 43.3 million in 2009 to 70.8 million in 2018, reaching a record high. Ronia’s husband died two years ago, leaving her to raise her children alone. IRAQ. When this happens, UNHCR monitors the progress of returns while also advocating for improved conditions. Lebanon, while hosting the seventh largest refugee population, had the highest refugee population relative to national population with 156 refugees per 1,000 national population. For returns to be sustainable, it is critical they are not rushed and that the conditions for sustainable reintegration are met. Over the course of 2018, this population increased by about 417,100 or 2 per cent – the seventh consecutive year of increase but the smallest rise since 2013. Syria remained the country with the second highest level of internal displacement. Other countries reporting a significant number of naturalizations were The Netherlands (7,900), Guinea-Bissau (3,500) and France (3,300). It is one of the biggest displacement crises in the world and the biggest exodus in the region’s recent history. Prosper explains how, unable to find the boy’s parents, they decided to take him in. Data do not show whether these returns were safe, organized and sustainable. The number of IDPs in Iraq declined over the course of 2018 from 2.6 million to 1.8 million, due to almost 1 million returns. Through the Quito process, they have cooperated to harmonize their protection responses for Venezuelan nationals and facilitate their legal, social and economic inclusion. One durable solution is the local integration of refugees, a complex, gradual process in which refugees move towards permanent residence rights and, in many cases, citizenship in the country of asylum. Refugees from DRC constituted the third largest group of new refugees with 123,400 people forcibly displaced across its borders in 2018. Nationals of Pakistan submitted 35,800 new asylum claims in 2018. The availability of disaggregated data varies widely between countries and population groups. Children play with a kitten at the transit site located above a fishing village in northern Lesvos. Actual. AFGHANISTAN. As has been the case since 2014, the main country of origin for refugees in 2018 was Syria, with 6.7 million at the end of the year, an increase over the 6.3 million from a year earlier. The broader movement of Venezuelans across the region and beyond increasingly took on the characteristics of a refugee situation, with some 3.4 million outside the country by the end of 2018. This was followed by Kenya (252,500) and Yemen (249,000). In 2018, UNHCR submitted 81,300 refugees to States for resettlement. However, there are also dangers, risks and challenges. For example, Switzerland had a TPR of 75 per cent, compared with Australia and Sweden where only about a quarter of asylum decisions granted protection. Similarly, asylum claims from Iraqis remained the second most common and declined from 44,500 in 2017 to 20,000 in 2018. In Germany the asylum-seeker population continued to reduce, reaching 369,300, a decline of 14 per cent. The refugee population from Myanmar, the fourth largest population group by country of origin, remained stable at 1.1 million. Eritrea remained the ninth largest country of origin with 507,300 refugees at the end of 2018, a slight increase from end-2017 when this population stood at 486,200. While these figures give an indicative overview of the situation, the country of origin for some asylum-seekers is unknown, underestimated or undisclosed by some States. It’s cramped and cold at night, but they feel safe now and are integrating into work and school. There were 3,503,300 asylum-seekers waiting for decisions on pending claims at the end of 2018, 13 per cent more than the previous year. Turkey continued to host the largest population of Syrian refugees, 3.6 million by the end of the year. Sadiq is an Afghan returnee who had been living in Pakistan. They are also generally not counted or registered in the ways the rest of the population is, meaning their needs are not planned for and their existence not acknowledged. Most refugees from Myanmar were hosted by Bangladesh (906,600). Some 138,600 children were in that situation at the end of 2018. the percentage of substantive decisions that resulted in any form of international protection. This rate is lower than the previous year when it stood at 49 per cent and substantially lower than the 60 per cent reported in 2016. © UNHCR/Santiago Escobar-Jaramillo. In Niger there were 27,100 people in this category, comprising mainly Niger nationals displaced from Nigeria who have no access to documentation proving their Nigerien nationality. In response to these trends, UNHCR has adopted an urban refugee policy to promote the inclusion of refugees into urban life. In 2018, 131 countries reported at least some sex-disaggregated data. While it is known that this is an underestimate, the trend indicates a decline in the number of unaccompanied or separated children applying for asylum, which reflects the overall trends in declining asylum claims since 2015. This represents a small increase from 2017 when there were 1.9 million. LEBANON. There were 42,000 new asylum claims from Eritreans in 2018, a small decline from the 49,900 in 2017. Prosper, 25, fled his village in 2016 after receiving threats from an armed group. At the end of 2018, 111,000 unaccompanied and separated children were known to be among the refugee population. Sherifa, whose husband went missing, holds up a sign saying: “I need freedom and peace”. Cities of Solidarity is a worldwide initiative that invites cities and local authorities to sign a statement of solidarity in support of refugee inclusion and bringing communities together. The Global Trends Report is published every year to analyze the changes in UNHCR’s populations of concern and deepen public understanding of ongoing crises. Background and Achievements Overview … UNHCR has not yet prompted or facilitated returns to Syria because safe, dignified large-scale repatriation cannot be guaranteed. In Afghanistan the internally displaced population stood at 2.1 million, up from 1.8 million at the end of 2017. Others take dangerous boat journeys to Caribbean islands. The lowest proportion of both children and women was seen in the refugee population in Europe where only 44 per cent of the refugee population was female and 41 per cent was under the age of 18. – Eulirio, a 33-year-old indigenous Warao from Delta Amacuro in Venezuela. BANGLADESH. Similarly, Germany reported an urban refugee population of more than 1 million given that more than three quarters of the country’s population live in urban areas. These figures do not include cases closed for administrative reasons with no decision issued to applicants, of which 514,900 were reported in 2018. Recognition on a group or prima facie basis was given to 599,300 refugees, and 461,200 were granted some form of temporary protection. Other options are to take the opportunity to settle in a third country or integrate into the host community. Understanding the key trends in the urbanization of refugee populations is crucial to ensuring that policies meet the needs and improve the lives of both refugees and host communities. Hondurans made up the eighth largest group to apply for asylum in 2018 with 41,500 new claims. The New York Declaration lays out a vision for a more predictable and more comprehensive response to these crises, known as the Comprehe… Focus on: Unaccompanied and separated children, GLOBAL TRENDS - FORCED DISPLACEMENT IN 2018, 20.4 million refugees under UNHCR’s mandate, 5.5 million Palestine refugees under UNRWA’s mandate. A Perception and Intentions Survey conducted among Syrian refugees in 2018 showed that 76 per cent of Syrian refugees hoped to return to Syria one day. This is an increase of 1.3 million compared with 2017 and the largest ever reported by IDMC. The largest number of urban refugees in 2018 originated from Syria with 6.3 million people, representing 98 per cent of the entire population for which location was known. This was followed by Sudan which reported new refugees mainly from South Sudan (99,400) and Syria (81,700). According to government statistics, 25 countries admitted 92,400 refugees for resettlement during the year, with or without UNHCR’s assistance. The UBRAF brings together the efforts of the Cosponsors and Secretariat into one framework … These data are kept up to date and analyzed in terms of various criteria, such as where people are, their age and whether they are male or female. Other people of concern is a category of people who, whether as individuals or as a group, need protection or assistance on humanitarian grounds but do not fit into existing population or legal categories. Comparing the size of a refugee population with that of a host country can help measure the impact of hosting that population. There were also 6,400 claims from Iranians. Unlike camp settings, cities and urban areas present certain advantages: refugees can live autonomously and find employment or economic opportunities. Similar to the past couple of years, the fifth most common country of origin remained DRC with 61,100 new applications in 2018, in addition to the 123,400 new refugee registrations on a group or prima facie basis. Following her most recent flight she says: “I didn’t think I would return here again, I hoped I would live in my homeland.” © UNHCR/Andrew McConnell. email@example.com: 0312 409 7000: UNHCR-Turkey : Sancak Mahallesi - Tiflis cad. UNHCRlHCP/2018/1 Policy on Age, Gender, and Diversity Approved by: The High Commissioner , ... 2 UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), UNHCR's Strategic Directions 2017-2021, 16 June 2016, page 13, ... and its accountability framework. According to data reported by UNHCR offices, over the course of 2018, some 5.4 million people became IDPs, having been forced to move within their countries due to conflict and violence. In 2018, about 55 per cent of the world’s population was urban, compared with only 30 per cent in 1950. Uganda; World Bank; Posted 20 Jun 2017 Originally … The majority of refugees lived in privately hosted and out-of-camp individual accommodation (60 per cent) at the end of 2018, a proportion that has been stable since 2014. Other large displaced populations of IDPs, refugees or asylum-seekers at the end of 2018 were from Afghanistan (5.1 million), South Sudan (4.2 million), Somalia (3.7 million), Ethiopia (2.8 million), Sudan (2.7 million), Nigeria (2.5 million), Iraq (2.4 million) and Yemen (2.2 million). Under certain circumstances, UNHCR provides protection and assistance to individuals or groups “of concern”, who do not fall within the categories of forcibly displaced, returns and/or stateless. help reduce the impact of large refugee situations on host countries. UNHCR classifies locations into urban and rural. As in 2017, over two thirds of the world’s refugees come from just five countries: Syria, Afghanistan, South Sudan, Myanmar and Somalia. Some 35,000 refugees and migrants arrived in Greece between January and September 2018 – an increase of 48 per cent compared to 2017. UNHCR also seeks lasting solutions to their plight. About 634,100 claims were rejected on substantive grounds, a number that includes negative decisions at the first instance and on appeal. Uganda continued to host a large refugee population, numbering 1.2 million at the end of 2018. During the year, 13.6 million people were newly displaced, including 2.8 million who sought protection abroad (as new asylum-seekers or newly registered refugees) and 10.8 million internally displaced people (IDPs), who were forced to flee but remained in their own countries. Of 2.3 million South Sudanese refugees most were in Sudan (852,100), followed by Uganda (788,800) Ethiopia (422,100), Kenya (115,200) and DRC (95,700). The following are the results from multi-country research launched in 2018 on refugee data in Egypt, Jordan and Lebanon to study the impact of CBI on child protection outcomes. Legal, economic, social, and cultural aspects of local integration are also part of the process. In addition, 2.3 million IDPs returned in 2018, compared with 4.2 million in 2017. During 2018, the refugee population in Germany continued to increase, numbering 1,063,800 at the end of the year. This group remained ‘of concern’ while they were in the early stages of their reintegration. As in 2017, Guatemalans were the next largest group with 33,100 new applications. South Sudan’s recently revitalized peace process offers new opportunities amid de-escalating tensions. Afghanistan was the next most common country of origin for individual new asylum applications in 2018, with 107,500 claims lodged in 80 countries. UNHCR’s primary purpose is to safeguard the rights and well-being of refugees. Other countries that received significant numbers of asylum applications from unaccompanied and separated children included the United Kingdom (2,900), Greece (2,600), Sweden (1,700), Egypt (1,700), Turkey (1,700), Libya (1,500). Greece saw a continuation of the trend of increasing new individual asylum claims from 57,000 in 2017 to 65,000 in 2018 (compared with 11,400 in 2015). In recent decades, it has become less straightforward to rely on the traditional solutions – voluntary repatriation, local integration or resettlement in third countries. UNICEF STRATEGIC PLAN, 2018–202111 The overarching goal of the UNICEF Strategic Plan, 2018–2021 is to drive results for the most disadvantaged children and young people. The proportion of the world’s population who were displaced also continued to rise, as the world’s forcibly displaced population grew faster than the global population. While this was a decrease compared with 2017 (331,700), it was similar to 2016 (262,000). Statistics and information on the situation of stateless populations can also be gathered through population censuses. For example, most Syrians fled to Turkey, where there were half a million new refugee registrations and asylum applications. Despite this, the largest number of returning refugees were headed for Syria, with most of the 210,900 refugees returning from Turkey and smaller numbers from Lebanon, Iraq and Jordan. Uganda was host to refugee populations from several countries, the largest being from South Sudan (with 788,800 at the end of 2018). Other countries receiving large numbers of new asylum claims were the United Kingdom (37,500), Mexico (29,600), Australia (28,800) and Costa Rica (28,000). At the end of 2018, there were 949,700 Somali refugees. As a result of the crisis in Venezuela, the number of asylum applications increased sharply in Peru, which became the second largest recipient of asylum applications globally with 192,500, nearly all submitted by Venezuelans. ReliefWeb Labs projects explore new and emerging opportunities to improve information delivery to humanitarians. UNHCR's Results Framework Extent State has taken steps to become party to the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees Extent law and policy consistent with international standards … This group of diverse and well-trained practitioners strengthened UNHCR… Resignations of Opposition lawmakers an ‘atom bomb’, will be used … This is in addition to 668,500 IDPs. 10.1 million refugees were in protracted situations of less than 20 years, more than half represented by the displacement situation of Syrians in Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey. The number of applications from Iranians increased in 2018 to 10,900 to become the third most common nationality. Service provided by UN-OCHA. The vast majority of IDPs were in Darfur (88 per cent), where some have been living in long-term displacement for over a decade. Every year some refugees agree to return to their country of origin. In Yemen, high levels of movement are masked by the relatively small increase in the internally displaced population, which reached 1 million at the end of 2018. The largest number of unaccompanied and separated child refugees was reported in Uganda with 41,200, with the majority aged under 15 (29,900) and 2,800 aged under 5. There were new displacements and returns throughout the year, often occurring simultaneously in the same province. Other countries that reported significant IDP populations included CAR (641,000), Azerbaijan (620,400), Myanmar (370,300) and Georgia (282,400). Syrian refugee Ronia lives with her five daughters in Domiz refugee camp, northern Iraq. Eritrea continued to be the second most common country of origin with 3,500 claims. In 2018, the increase was driven particularly by internal displacement in Ethiopia and asylum-seekers fleeing Venezuela. Kenya reported 13,200 unaccompanied and separated children in 2018. Resettlement provided a solution for close to 92,400 refugees. A Venezuelan girl in silhouette is captured by photo as the sun sets on refugee shelters around her. UNHCR works to maximize the skills, productivity and experience that displaced populations bring to urban areas, striving to help displaced people find the safety and security they deserve. Its public health programmes are guided by the Global Strategy for Public Health (GSPH) 2014- 2018 … 2018. Some 593,800 refugees returned to their countries of origin in 2018 compared with 667,400 in 2017, less than 3 per cent of the refugee population. 552.Sokak - No3 Bangladesh continued to host a large population of 906,600 refugees at the end of 2018, almost entirely from Myanmar. However, it is difficult to distinguish between the naturalization of refugees and non-refugees, so the data do not give an accurate picture of the extent to which refugees are naturalized. In 20-22 March 2018… In contrast, there were also countries where most refugees were reported as living in some kind of camp setting such as Bangladesh, Tanzania, South Sudan, Ethiopia and Nigeria. More than 98 per cent of the refugees in Turkey were from Syria with 3.6 million making up more than 98 per cent of the entire refugee population. The refugee population mirrors this change. Among countries that reported the urban-rural breakdown, Pakistan and the Islamic Republic of Iran both reported urban refugee populations largely from Afghanistan. We were scared to be in the house and we couldn’t leave the children alone. This process is extremely important in order to meet the needs of refugees and other populations of concern across the world and the data help organizations and States to plan their humanitarian response. Violence continued to force people to flee, with refugee numbers increasing from 545,500 to 590,900 during 2018. In a context of rampant hyperinflation, food shortages, political turmoil, violence and persecution, more than 3 million Venezuelans have fled the country, making such perilous journeys in search of safety. Results of 3rd yr Bachelor Hons of NU published . The global population of forcibly displaced increased by 2.3 million people in 2018. 15.9 million refugees were in protracted situations at the end of 2018. In South Sudan the numbers of internally displaced remained high, around 1.9 million, although slightly decreased from the previous year. As in previous years, the most common country of origin for unaccompanied and separated child asylum applicants was Afghanistan with 4,800 claims – just over half the 8,800 submitted in 2017 and substantially below the 26,700 in 2016. The decline is partially accounted for by more attention being paid to the quality of the estimation of the sex breakdown but also partially due to an increasing reluctance of governments to share data. Most of this increase was between 2012 and 2015, driven mainly by the Syrian conflict. UNHCR and its partners are helping returnees gain access to basic services, land and jobs. Voluntary repatriation remains the preferred lasting solution for the largest number of refugees and requires appropriate measures to ensure that this choice is made freely, without outside pressure. Italy received the largest number of these claims with 7,300, followed by Greece (7,200). Knowing who and where people are makes it possible to plan and implement effective and efficient policy responses that address the needs of vulnerable groups and help ensure that “no one is left behind”, as laid out in the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda. Nearly 4 out of every 5 refugees lived in countries neighbouring their countries of origin. DEVELOPING THE COMPREHENSIVE REFUGEE RESPONSE FRAMEWORK SUPPLEMENTARY APPEAL > NAME OF REPORT 2 UNHCR / September 2017 [COVER PHOTOGRAPH] ©UNHCR/Rocco Nuri. As mass displacement across the world continues to grow, it is usually low- and middle-income countries that shoulder much of the responsibility for refugees. In contrast, there were increases in claims submitted by Afghans who submitted 11,800 claims in 2018 (7,500 in 2017) and were the second most common nationality of origin. Germany received 161,900 new asylum applications, continuing a decrease that put them in third place, down considerably from the peak of 722,400 in 2016. The gap between needs and actual resettlement places continued to grow. endorsed the International Recommendations on Refugee Statistics; endorsed the Technical Report on Statistics of IDPs and supported the proposal to upgrade this work to develop formal recommendations; and. UNHCR IN 2018. However, UNHCR did seek to monitor and assist the situations of returned refugees and IDPs within the country. The choice to return must be based on accurate information about the conditions to be expected on arrival in the country of origin. Provisional figures indicate that States and UNHCR made 1,134,200 decisions on individual asylum applications – new, on appeal, or repeat – during 2018. It reinforces commitment … Unlike previous years, applicants from Afghanistan were the most common with 10,300 new applications, compared with 6,600 in 2017. The registered refugee population in the Islamic Republic of Iran, the sixth largest refugee-hosting country, remained unchanged at 979,400 at the end of 2018, mostly from Afghanistan. Recognition of statelessness and gathering data about the problem are key elements in UNHCR’s Global Action Plan to end Statelessness, with its accompanying #IBelong campaign. Nigeria also had a high number of newly displaced people with 661,800, of which an estimated 581,800 were displaced within the country’s borders. Pakistan gives 'licence to kill' houbara bustard, a protected bird species . In addition to these countries, individual asylum claims from Syrians were lodged in 98 other countries, mostly in Europe. 256,700 new displacements brought the total displaced population to 2 million, more than half of whom were in Idlib Governorate. Chad reported 36,700 people as “others of concern” at the end of 2018, of which 20,000 were nationals of CAR pending screening and refugee registration and 16,700 were of Chadian descent evacuated from CAR and at risk of statelessness. Asylum claims from Syrians were the third most common, there were 106,200 new claims in 2018, a quarter of the peak number of 409,900 lodged in 2015. As has been the case since 2016, Turkey received the most claims, followed by Greece and France, where numbers of applicants from Afghanistan increased. 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